The hottest trade disputes are increasing day by d

  • Detail

Trade disputes are increasing day by day, and the government should try to solve them through negotiation

in recent years, China's foreign trade situation has become tighter as a whole, and the number of trade friction cases and the amount involved have increased significantly year-on-year. "Made in China" has been blocked worldwide. Experts pointed out that the recent European and American trade frictions involving China involved a number of measures involving the adjustment of policies and systems, which had a strong demonstration effect. In the face of increasing trade disputes, the Chinese government should pay full attention to using the WTO litigation mechanism to resolve trade disputes through consultation and dialogue

On October 8, the U.S. House of Representatives reported that Huawei ZTE was "endangering national security" and asked the federal government to prevent the merger and acquisition activities of the two companies in the United States, with obvious intention to prevent Chinese companies from exploring the U.S. market. On September 26, in order to find the reason for the error, the European Photovoltaic manufacturers Union (euprosun) issued a statement on the official, saying that it had applied to the European Commission for a countervailing investigation on Chinese photovoltaic products. Earlier, it was also a petition of the organization, which led the EU to launch the largest trade lawsuit against China so far, involving more than $20billion

since this year, European and American trade policies towards China have continued to tighten. The U.S. interagency trade investigation organization was established, the "tariff act" was revised, and lawsuits were successively launched against China's rare earth and auto parts at the level of the multilateral dispute settlement mechanism. The European Union launched an anti-dumping investigation and submitted a countervailing complaint against China's photovoltaic industry. It can be said that it has made continuous actions against Huawei and ZTE

at the same time, China related trade relief measures of developing countries also showed a surge trend. According to the economic information daily on September 27, since May this year, there have been more than 30 China related trade remedy cases from developing countries such as Brazil, Argentina, Thailand and India, including about 20 newly initiated cases. This has exceeded the total of 14 new initiatives in the first eight months of last year

according to the statistics of the Ministry of Commerce in July, in the first half of this year, China suffered a total of 40 trade remedy investigations initiated by 18 countries and regions, including anti-dumping, countervailing, special protection and other trade remedy investigations, with a year-on-year increase of 38%, and the amount involved was $3.7 billion, with a year-on-year increase of 76%. From the perspective of filing countries, Brazil, India and other large developing countries have filed cases against China, accounting for 70% of the total number of cases. In terms of the amount involved, the amount of investigations initiated by developed economies such as Europe and the United States accounted for 60% of the total amount

be alert to the butterfly effect

looking at the recent European and American trade frictions involving China, although the absolute increase in the number of cases initiated is not obvious, the amount involved is huge, and a number of measures involve the adjustment of policies and systems. Experts believe that this new trend of trade frictions has a strong demonstration effect, with a stronger impact and a more far-reaching impact than previous cases

Bai Ming, a researcher at the Research Institute of the Ministry of Commerce, recently pointed out to the economic information daily that trade protection in developed countries has played an exemplary role. Many cases were initiated by developed countries first, followed by developing countries. For example, after the United States and the European Union launched anti-dumping investigations on China's photovoltaic industry, India's domestic industry also began to follow suit and applied for relief. Another example is that China's tires have been investigated by trade remedy from Europe, the United States, Brazil and other countries

Yu Benlin, deputy director of the import and Export Fair Trade Bureau of the Ministry of Commerce of China, said at the Symposium on dealing with trade frictions on the 9th that the leading factor of the United States is more obvious in the international trade frictions encountered by China. The United States has played a leading role in pressuring the RMB exchange rate, introducing restrictions on the export of raw materials, carrying out the double counter case of solar cells (panels) and establishing an interdepartmental trade law enforcement center

Yu Benlin's further tightening experiment is a conditional step. It is pointed out that in recent years, the number and amount of trade friction cases against China in developing countries, especially emerging economies, have increased significantly, and the number of cases has increased from 17% of the total number of cases in the world in 2002 to 35%; At the same time, the amount of trade remedy investigation cases against China by emerging economies in the group of 20 increased. Friction products have also expanded from traditional manufacturing to high-end manufacturing and basic raw materials. There are not only labor-intensive industries such as textiles and clothing, capital intensive industries such as steel and tires, but also strategic emerging industries such as solar energy and wind energy, as well as basic raw material industries such as rare earth

multiple measures to deal with trade frictions

in order to solve the frequent international trade frictions, the Department of international economics of the Ministry of foreign affairs was officially established on the 9th. Qu Xing, director of the China Institute of international studies, analyzed that the Department of International Economics will not replace the functions of some current economic departments, but it will certainly play a great role in the future economic communication between China and other countries, including the coordination and handling of international economic disputes and frictions

the State Council has restored a good momentum in the export of extruders. The general office recently officially issued several opinions on promoting the stable growth of foreign trade, which pointed out that we should actively deal with trade frictions. We should do a good job in dealing with trade frictions and dispute settlement of the world trade organization, guide enterprises and industry associations to effectively deal with trade frictions, and safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of our export enterprises. Implement import trade remedies according to law to protect domestic industrial security

in addition, the Ministry of Commerce has also established a trade remedy cooperation mechanism with the investigating authorities of 16 major trading partners, including the United States, the European Union, Russia, India, South Korea, Australia and so on

some experts said that in the face of increasing trade disputes, the following suggestions are given. The Chinese government should pay full attention to using the WTO litigation mechanism to resolve trade disputes through consultation and dialogue. Chinese enterprises should be more mature in the international market, make early preparations for trade disputes, and cultivate the awareness of responding to lawsuits. Zhonghua glass () Department

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI